Brewing

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Potion brewing chart (most efficient recipes, excludes splash potions).

Brewing is the process of creating potions, splash potions and lingering potions by adding various ingredients to water bottles in a brewing stand.

Brewing potions[edit]

By placing one or more bottles in the lower three slots of the brewing interface, an ingredient in the upper slot, and blaze powder in the fuel slot, you can distill the ingredient into each bottle and brew potions which may be consumed to grant an effect to the player.

Every potion starts with a water bottle, made by filling a glass bottle at a water source or filled cauldron. Using blaze powder, the next step is to add a base ingredient to create a base potion, usually nether wart to create an awkward potion. By brewing an effect ingredient into the awkward potion in the same manner, you can create a potion with a working effect. A modifier ingredient may be added to make the effect more intense or last longer, or change the effect entirely. Gunpowder can be added to a potion at any stage to convert it to a splash potion, which can be thrown (or fired using a dispenser) to disperse its effect in a radius. Finally, dragon's breath can be added to a splash potion to convert it to a lingering potion, which can be used to disperse its effect in a bubble. Each brewing step takes 20 seconds.

Each blaze powder used provides fuel for 20 brewing operations. Fuel is consumed when a brewing operation starts; it is not recovered if the operation is halted prematurely by removing the ingredient or potion bottles.

Brewing equipment[edit]

Name Icon Use
Template:AnchorBrewing Stand Template:Grid Used to add ingredients into water bottles.
Template:AnchorCauldron Template:Grid Each one can hold a bucket of water (after placement).
Will fill 3 glass bottles.
Each one can hold 3 bottles worth of a single potion
(after placement) Template:Only.
Template:AnchorBlaze Powder Template:Grid Needed to fuel the brewing stand.
Template:AnchorGlass Bottle Template:Grid Container for all kinds of potions.
Template:AnchorWater Bottle Template:Grid The starting base for all potions.
Made by filling a glass bottle from a cauldron or water block.

Ingredients[edit]

Base ingredients and modifiers[edit]

Base ingredients are ingredients which can be added directly to a water bottle, and are the starting point of all potions. Nether Wart is the most fundamental of the base ingredients, as it is required to make the vast majority of potions.

Modifiers are ingredients used to alter the properties of a potion, or to change a potion effect into a different one. The fermented spider eye is unique in that it is the only modifier which can be brewed directly into an effective potion.

Name Icon Result of adding to water bottle Modifier effect
Template:AnchorNether Wart Template:Grid Awkward Potion N/A
Template:AnchorRedstone Dust Template:Grid Mundane Potion Extends duration
Template:AnchorGlowstone Dust Template:Grid Thick Potion Enhances level
Template:AnchorFermented Spider Eye Template:Grid Potion of Weakness Corrupts effect
Template:AnchorGunpowder Template:Grid Splash Water Bottle Turns normal into splash
Template:AnchorDragon's Breath Template:Grid Lingering Water Bottle
(from Splash Water Bottle)
Turns splash into lingering

Corrupting Effect: Fermented Spider Eyes will change a potion's base effect, often reversing it or producing a negative potion.

  • A corrupted potion usually does the opposite of the original potion.
  • Corrupting an enhanced or extended potion into an effect which supports the modifier will result in a potion with the same modifier applied.
  • Corrupting an extended potion of Poison will simply result in a basic potion of Harming. Enhanced potions of Leaping or Swiftness cannot be corrupted.
  • Potions of Invisibility are considered a "corrupted" version of the Potions of Night Vision. Instead of seeing at maximum brightness, you turn invisible.

Splash and Lingering potions: Any potion can be turned into a splash potion, and subsequently, a lingering potion.

  • Splash potions and lingering potions can be modified in exactly the same manner as their normal counterparts. For instance, a splash water bottle can be brewed with any of the base ingredients, though the result will remain a splash potion.
  • In Bedrock Edition, splash potions have only three-fourths of the duration of the drinkable form. In Java Edition, splash and drinkable forms have the same duration.
  • Lingering potions have only one-fourth of the duration of the drinkable form. For instance, a drinkable potion effect of 8:00 will be reduced to 2:00 as a lingering potion.

Effect ingredients[edit]

Effect ingredients imbue an awkward potion with a particular effect, but do not alter potion duration or intensity. When added directly to a water bottle, most of these ingredients will produce a mundane potion. The exceptions to this are golden carrot, pufferfish, turtle shell and phantom membrane, which cannot be added directly to a water bottle.

Name Icon Effect Effect when corrupted
Template:AnchorSugar Template:Slot Swiftness Slowness
Template:AnchorRabbit's Foot Template:Slot Leaping
Template:AnchorGlistering Melon Template:Slot Healing Harming
Template:AnchorSpider Eye Template:Slot Poison
Template:AnchorPufferfish Template:Slot Water Breathing None
Template:AnchorMagma Cream Template:Slot Fire Resistance
Template:AnchorGolden Carrot Template:Slot Night Vision Invisibility
Template:AnchorBlaze Powder Template:Slot Strength None
Template:AnchorGhast Tear Template:Slot Regeneration
Template:AnchorTurtle Shell Template:Slot Turtle Master N/A
Template:AnchorPhantom Membrane Template:Slot Slow Falling N/A

Elements[edit]

In the Education Edition, or Bedrock Edition with Education features enabled, certain elements can be used as ingredients to brew cures which remove specific negative status effects.

Element Icon Effect Cured
Bismuth Template:Slot Nausea
Calcium Template:Slot Blindness
Cobalt Template:Slot Weakness
Silver Template:Slot Poison

Brewing recipes[edit]

Base potions[edit]

Base potions are potions without effects, brewed by adding a single base ingredient to a water bottle. Of these, only the awkward potion can be imbued with an effect ingredient to produce a potion effect.

Potion Reagent, Base Precursor to
Template:Grid
Awkward Potion
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Effect potions
Template:Grid
Mundane Potion
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand None
Template:Grid
Thick Potion
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand None

Effect potions[edit]

Effect potions are primarily created by adding an effect ingredient to an awkward potion, however, certain effects require a potion to be corrupted by a fermented spider eye. The potion of weakness can additionally be created by simply adding a fermented spider eye to a water bottle.

Positive effects[edit]

Potion Reagent, Base Template:ItemSprite Extended Template:ItemSprite Enhanced Effects
Template:Slot
Potion of Healing
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand - Template:Slot
Potion of Healing
Instant Health
Restores Template:Hp per potion.

Enhanced:
Instant Health II
Restores Template:Hp per potion.

Template:Slot
Potion of Fire Resistance
(Template:EffectSprite 3:00)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Fire Resistance
(Template:EffectSprite 8:00)
- Fire Resistance
Gives immunity to damage from fire, lava, and ranged Blaze attacks.
Template:Slot
Potion of Regeneration
(Template:EffectSprite 0:45)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Regeneration
(Template:EffectSprite 1:30)
Template:Slot
Potion of Regeneration
(Template:EffectSprite 0:22)
Regeneration
Restores health by Template:Healthbar every 2.5 seconds.

Enhanced:
Regeneration II
Restores health by Template:Healthbar every 1.2 seconds.

Template:Slot
Potion of Strength
(Template:EffectSprite 3:00)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Strength
(Template:EffectSprite 8:00)
Template:Slot
Potion of Strength
(Template:EffectSprite 1:30)
Strength
Increases player's melee attacks by Template:Hp.

Enhanced:
Strength II
Increases player's melee attacks by Template:Hp.

Template:Slot
Potion of Swiftness
(Template:EffectSprite 3:00)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Swiftness
(Template:EffectSprite 8:00)
Template:Slot
Potion of Swiftness
(Template:EffectSprite 1:30)
Speed
Increases movement speed, sprinting speed, and jumping length by approximately 20%.

Enhanced:
Speed II
Increases movement speed, sprinting speed, and jumping length by approximately 40%.

Template:Slot
Potion of Night Vision
(Template:EffectSprite 3:00)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Night Vision
(Template:EffectSprite 8:00)
- Night Vision
Makes everything appear to be at max light level, including underwater areas.
Template:Slot
Potion of Invisibility
(Template:EffectSprite 3:00)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Invisibility
(Template:EffectSprite 8:00)
- Invisibility
Renders the player invisible. Equipped/wielded items are still visible.
Template:Slot
Potion of Water Breathing
(Template:EffectSprite 3:00)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Water Breathing
(Template:EffectSprite 8:00)
- Water Breathing
Does not deplete the oxygen bar when underwater.
Template:Slot
Potion of Leaping
(Template:EffectSprite 3:00)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Leaping
(Template:EffectSprite 8:00)
Template:Slot
Potion of Leaping
(Template:EffectSprite 1:30)
Jump Boost
Allows the player to jump ½ blocks higher.

Enhanced:
Jump Boost II
Allows the player to jump 1 ¼ blocks higher.

Template:Slot
Potion of Slow Falling
(Template:EffectSprite 1:30)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Slow Falling
(Template:EffectSprite 4:00)
- Slow Falling
Causes the player to fall at a slower rate and not take any damage when hitting the ground.

Negative effects[edit]

Potion Reagent, Base(s) Template:ItemSprite Extended Template:ItemSprite Enhanced Effects
Template:Slot
Potion of Poison
(Template:EffectSprite 0:45)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Poison
(Template:EffectSprite 1:30)
Template:Slot
Potion of Poison
(Template:EffectSprite 0:21)
Poison
Player loses Template:Hp every 2.5 seconds.

Enhanced:
Poison II
Player loses Template:Hp every 1.2 seconds.

Template:Slot
Potion of Weakness
(Template:EffectSprite 1:30)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Weakness
(Template:EffectSprite 4:00)
- Weakness
Reduces player's melee attacks by Template:Hp.
Template:Slot
Potion of Harming
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand - Template:Slot
Potion of Harming
Instant Damage
Inflicts Template:Hp of damage.

Enhanced:
Instant Damage II
Inflicts Template:Hp of damage.

Template:Slot
Potion of Slowness
(Template:EffectSprite 1:30)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of Slowness
(Template:EffectSprite 4:00)
Template:Slot
Potion of Slowness
(Template:EffectSprite 0:20)
Slowness
Slows the player to 85% speed for the given time.

Enhanced:
Slowness IV
Slows the player to 40% speed for the given time.

Mixed effects[edit]

Potion Reagent, Base Template:ItemSprite Extended Template:ItemSprite Enhanced Effects
Template:Slot
Potion of the Turtle Master
(Template:EffectSpriteTemplate:EffectSprite0:20)
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Template:Slot
Potion of the Turtle Master
(Template:EffectSpriteTemplate:EffectSprite0:40)
Template:Slot
Potion of the Turtle Master
(Template:EffectSpriteTemplate:EffectSprite0:20)
Slowness IV, Resistance III
Slows the player to 40% speed, incoming damage reduced to 40%.

Enhanced:
Slowness VI, Resistance IV
Slows the player to 10% speed, incoming damage reduced to 20%.

Cures[edit]

Cures are brewed from Awkward Potions using different elementsTemplate:Only. These drinks will remove the specified effect when drunk, and cannot be modified into splash, lingering, extended or enhanced versions.

Potion Reagent, Base Effect
Template:Grid
Antidote
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Cures Poison
Template:Grid
Elixir
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Cures Weakness
Template:Grid
Eye Drops
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Cures Blindness
Template:Grid
Tonic
Template:Grid/Brewing Stand Cures Nausea

Unbrewable potions[edit]

The Potion of LuckTemplate:Only and the Potion of DecayTemplate:Only cannot be brewed, and can only be obtained by commands such as Template:Cmd, or through the creative inventory. A Potion of Slowness V is also available in the creative menu in Java Edition.